Tomorrow´s Leaf is an innovative, functional and sustainable company that specializes in producing safe, results-driven beauty, health and wellness products. We incorporate technology that has been thoroughly researched, tested and proven for the past 18 years. Our products are designed to help actively transform the health of the skin.
By understanding the science behind optimal skin function (pH balance), we have formulated products that succeed in returning the skin to an environment that encourages its innate mechanisms for restoration and renewal. Our doctor tested formulas give professional results, yet are formulated with pure, natural and organic ingredients. Furthermore, we work to EU standards which are the most stringent ones in the cosmetic industry.
OUR HIGH STANDARDS:
- FAIR TRADE: our agricultural raw materials come from certified suppliers whose organic standards require them to support farmers and producers in managing their exports and finances to overcome poverty.
- CRUELTY FREE: our work and support with organizations such as PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) let’s our caring consumers understand that by purchasing cruelty-free products, they can help save rabbits, mice, guinea pigs, rats, and other animals. We NEVER test raw materials or finished products on animals.
- LOCAL & SMALL BUSINESS: Our social principles help develop ecologically responsible production, processing and distribution chains, emphasizing local systems.
- SUSTAINABLE PRACTICES: from the farm to the shelf. Our formulas are all completely biodegradable, ensuring no long-term impact on the environment. Waste water is disposed of via two setting ponds, a reed bed and a willow bed. The disposal has been registered under the groundwater regulations. Waste botanicals are added to a compost system that breaks down the material into friable fertilizer. This enables it to be spread onto farmland as part of the Organic Farming System. All material is composted to meet BSI PAS 100 specifications—a British Standards Institution certification for quality- assured compost. This compost can be used to improve soil quality as top dressing or can be blended with soils for use in agriculture or restoration projects.
- AWARD-WINNING FARM: Tomorrow´s Leaf botanical extracts are grown on a 200-acre farm in Herefordshire, England, which has twice won The Silver Lapwing Award, the UK’s leading environmental and farming award. Our brand supports organizations such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. In 2008, the farm applied to the accreditation process to become compliant with the Convention on Biological Biodiversity. Besides addressing many objectives regarding land conservation and biodiversity, this accreditation also seeks to ensure sustainability and compliance with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
- SCIENCE: we work to multiple environmental science principles such as the understanding of earth processes, evaluating alternative energy systems, pollution control and natural resource management. The products are manufactured in a pharmaceutical environment; they are made from natural substances and processed in a way that unites dermatological efficacy and unique product performance in preventative skincare.
- GREEN CHEMISTRY: seven years of research and development brought about this ethically sound and beautifully effective range. Tomorrow´s Leaf has really pioneered the gap between professional and natural skin care with its uniquely green innovation, which has allowed us to utilize exceptionally high levels of organic food and plant-based ingredients in place of many synthetic actives and ingredients. By doing this, we are able to feed and care for the skin in the same way that a healthy diet of these nutrients sustains our bodies. Tomorrow´s Leaf is healthier for the body and the environment. Each and every ingredient is robustly screened to ensure that it compromises neither health nor the environment.
- CLEAR LABELLING: no more green washing; what you see is what you get. Full ingredient disclosure allows our consumers to make informed choices about the product (s) they are purchasing.
- GLUTEN-FREE: with more people becoming intolerant to gluten every day (1 in 133 US citizens), offers an effective, all-natural option when it comes to gluten-free skincare. Researchers at George Washington University recently confirmed that gluten-sensitive individuals experienced symptoms after applying gluten topically (and inadvertently ingesting it). Symptoms included itching, redness, rashes, dryness, and other skin/scalp problems. When topical application of the gluten ceased, the symptoms readily improved.
- TREATING THE CAUSE, NOT THE SYMPTOMS: while broad-spectrum antibiotic creams may suppress symptoms of impure skin, and dermal collagen fillers may plump up fine lines and wrinkles, neither will treat the underlying cause of the skin’s decline. By contrast, Tomorrow´s Leaf targets the root cause of skin imbalances by changing its environment, to bring about longer-lasting and more effective results.
- MULTITASKING: our formulas do not differentiate between skin type, sexuality, age or ethnicity because each person's body will only use what it needs from that product. Tomorrow´s Leaf, therefore, works to individually balance and supplement each person´s needs for excellent short and long-term benefits. Each and every formula contains high percentages of bioactive ingredients affording anyone regardless of age or skin type to receive maximum benefits from all the products, not just a few. The need for stocking large amounts of inventory is greatly reduced.
WE ARE ALWAYS:
- Free from carcinogenic, mutagenic and other toxic substances
- Formulas contain an average of 70% certified organic ingredients
- Based upon Ayurvedic, Chinese and Western Medicine
- Naturally Active from raw, whole food sources
- Cruelty free
- Mildly acidic (pH 4.6 – 5)
- 100% Biodegradable Formulas
- EU Cosmetics Directive Compliant
- Made in a USA and GMP certified facility
WHY SHOUD WE CARE ABOUT WHAT WE PUT ON OUR SKIN
Did you know that in the USA only 80% of ingredients in beauty products have never been tested for safety?
These toxic trespassers are lurking into some of the products we use on a day to say basis and, shockingly, they have been linked to breast cancer, infertility, learning disabilities and other health issues.
For instance, a report from the Environmental Working Group shows that during the course of a year, we are exposed to around 47,000 unique chemicals, just from the topical products alone and we haven’t even touched on our diet and lifestyle habits.
These ingredients, in combination with exposures from other consumer products and pollutants in the air and water, add up to a phenomenal array of combined exposures, in effect adding up to hundreds of exposures every day.
The lack of regulations governing these harmful chemicals, combined with the inaccurate assumption that very small amounts of toxic chemicals are safe, allows for the continued use of toxic chemicals in personal care products.
If you’re cleaning up your diet and overall lifestyle habits, then please, we urge you to also question the safety and quality you apply on your skin. This section works as a guide that will help you identify the main harmful chemicals (bad and ugly) that are commonly used in skincare products as well as some the beneficial ingredients (good) that enhance your cutaneous health.
LET’S GET STARTED!
Acetyl hexapeptide-8 (Argireline): a synthetic neuropeptide consisting of arginine, methionine and acetylated glutamic acid. It inhibits contraction of muscles through destabilization of the SNARE complex aminoacids (argireline mimics one of them). The result is a muscle-relaxing effect similar to botox, thus reduces the apperance of fine lines and wrinkles. Argireline is too an excellent water-binding (humectant), skin conditioning and cell-communicating ingredient.
Aloe barbadensis (Aloe vera) leaf juice freeze-dried powder: has the ability to effectively penetrate and transport healthy substances through the skin. Aloe Vera provides numerous cutaneous skin benefits such as acting as an excellent moisturizer, keeping the skin flexible and supplying oxygen to cells, as well as increasing the strength and synthesis of skin tissue, thus preventing premature aging. Rich in mucopolysaccharides (naturally occurring sugars that keep the skin moist and plump), minerals, amino acids and enzymes, aloe has renowned soothing, anti-inflammatory and healing properties, making it suitable for cuts, grazes, insect bites, sunburn, acne, dermatitis, sensitive and irritated skin.
Angelica keskei (Ashitaba) leaf/stem extract (Tomorrows Leaf): has been used for centuries to enhance the body's natural health due to its remarkable benefits. The Japanese named this plant tomorrow´s leaf after they observed that when the stem was cut, a new leaf magically appeared a mere day later. Tomorrows Leaf is a dietary treasure, containing eleven vitamins, thirteen minerals, chlorophyll, enzymes, carotene, germanium, saponins, proteins, plant fibers, glycosides, coumarins, and a unique and rare class of flavonoids called chalcones. These are very unique polyphenols found in the leaf; they are bountiful in the bright-yellow sap of the plant. When used on the skin, it makes available the antioxidant Chalcone (Xanthoangelol and 4-hydroxyderricin), which is much more potent than those found in green tea, citrus fruits and grapes. This antioxidant will not only ward off and neutralize deleterious free radicals, but it will also allow your skin to regenerate in record time.
Argania spiosa (Argan) kernel oil: also known as “liquid gold”, is extracted from the kernels of the Moroccan Argan Tree. Argan oil is chock-full of vitamin E, fatty acids (vitamin F), carotenoids like beta-carotene, phytosterols and squalene. Thanks to its antioxidant content, it can ward off and improve aging signs such as wrinkles and sagginess. It can restore resilience to the acid mantle and impart luminosity, softness, moisture as well as protection against dryness to the skin. Argan oil is a non-comedogenic, anti-inflammatory and regenerative agent, thus can be used by oily and acne-prone skin types. It is recommended for all sorts of skin irritations, scars, stretch marks and sunburns. Frequent application of argan oil can strengthen and shield nails from environmental protection and heal dry, brittle hair.
Arnica montana (Arnica) flower extract: has powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that alleviate pain, swelling and improve wound healing. For this reason, it is widely used in the treatment of chilblains, muscle spams, dislocations, sprains and other injuries. If applied immediately after a trauma, it can prevent bruise formation by healing damaged capillaries. Skin-wise, arnica enhances the appearance of dark under-eye circles, dry, flaky, sensitive and blotchy skin.
Bidens pilosa extract: a vegetable source of retinol-like activity that does not have the immunological and inflammatory effect of synthetic retinol. Bidens Pilosa softens wrinkles, restores elasticity, plumps the skin, stimulates collagen synthetis and improves its radiance and texture.
Bisabolol (Levomenol): is a colorless, thick oily liquid that is the primary component of the German chamomile essential oil. It increases the permeability of the skin, provides conditioning benefits and enhances the appearance of dry or damaged skin by reducing flaking and restoring suppleness. It has a long-standing reputation as being an effective soothing and antimicrobial agent. Due to its panthenol content, it can boost the skin´s renewal process and stimulate healthy hair growth. Bisabolol´s subtle floral aroma is also used as a fragrance ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products.
Camellia sinensis leaf oil: packed with omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin E; has similar properties to flax seed oil but it is much more stable. Camellia oil nourishes, improves skin elasticity, repairs damaged tissue, has inflammatory properties (thus making it beneficial for psoriasis, eczema, etc.) and provides a protective coating for hair follicles.
Camelina sativa (Camelina) seed oil: packed with omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin E; has similar properties to flax seed oil but it is much more stable. Camelina oil nourishes, improves skin elasticity, repairs damaged tissue, has inflammatory properties (thus making it beneficial for psoriasis, eczema, etc.) and provides a protective coating for hair follicles.
Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen) leaf extract: it is a potent astringent, anti-inflammatory and keratolytic agent that helps remove excess sebum, impurities and surface debris. Wintergreen acts as a numbing and pain-relieving agent similar to cortisone. It can ward off infections (bacterial, fungi and viral) and tone the skin and hair.
Laminaria digitata (Seaweed) extract: is a large brown seaweed that contains high concentrations of sugars, amino acids, minerals and trace elements. Its polygalactosides and ursolic acid content help form a protective barrier on the skin. Laminaria digitata is rich in fucose polymers, hygroscopic agents that significantly improve hydration levels of the skin. This seaweed also increases skin flexibility and functions as skin conditioner, emulsifier and thickening active.
Mel (Honey): it is a potent natural moisturizer, emollient, protecting, antimicrobial, nourishing, rejuvenating and regenerative agent. SkinSanity uses organic honey as this ensures the bees have been kept well by good beekeeping methods and the honey will be free from chemicals used in conventional farming.
Niacinamide: also known as vitamin B3, offers a wide array of skin benefits. Topical use of niacinamide can dramatically improve skin moisturization and prevent transepidermal water loss (barrier function) by increasing fatty acids and ceramides levels. Niacinamide stimulates microcirculation and boosts collagen and elastin production, which translates into a more youthful and radiant complexion. It can also help achieve a more even-out tone, making it perfect for hyperpigmented skin types. Niacinamide could be the answer to long-standing acne as it reduces inflammation and treats post-breakout discolorations.
Pfaffia paniculata (Suma) root extract: also known as the Brazilian ginseng; boasts powerful adaptogens and antioxidants that shield the skin from environmental aggressors like UV radiation. It repairs cutaneous damage (wounds, ulcers) thanks to its allantoin content as well as significantly reduces swelling and dark under-eye circles.
Ptychopetalum olacoides (Muira puama) bark/stem extract: this plant native to South America is used in the cosmetic industry as a skin conditioning agent. It also helps alleviate all sorts of inflammatory conditions and promotes a more youthful appearance by increasing the amount of oxygen delivered to cells.
Pinus nigra (Pine) bud/needle extract: provides prebiotic benefits that help mitigate P. acnes bacteria proliferation and combat the aging process. Contains methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) which detoxifies the skin and stimulates its regeneration.
Propolis extract: produced by bees as an antiseptic ‘glue’ in the hive. It is composed of resins, beeswax, pollen and minerals. Propolis has many beneficial properties for the skin including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, healing and antioxidant.
Pullulan: a polysaccharide produced from starch by cultivating the yeast, Aureobasidium pullulans. Its main use is the manufacture of edible films such as in breath freshener or oral hygiene products. Cosmetics-wise, it is a good binding, film forming and thickening agent. It provides an antioxidant effect as well as an instant lifting (although temporary) that improves the overall texture and appearance of the skin. Long-term use of pullulan will strengthen the skin´s immune system and make it more resistant to patogens.
Ribes nigrum (Black currant) fruit extract: chock-full of antioxidants, such as tannins and anthocyanins that help reduce aging signs and prevent bacterial growth. Black currants have potent anti-inflammatory benefits as well as soften and nourish the skin. It is part of our proprietary prebiotic blend alongside the pine needle extract.
Sodium hyaluronate: a hydrophilic ingredient, which means it readily binds to water hence its super moisturizing properties. Hyaluronic acid is found throughout the body but it especially concentrated on the skin. It is known as Nature’s moisturizer due to its high water-binding capacity, so acts as a hydrating agent and space filler. It supports collagen and elastin, by keeping them nourished and moist, and reduces the appearance of wrinkles while keeping the skin soft, smooth and supple. Our light-weight hyaluronic acid is produced from pine cellulose through GM-free microbial fermentation.
Tocopherol: commonly known as vitamin E; we use a mixture of tocopherols made from GM-free sunflower oil. Provides antioxidant protection to oils thereby keeping a product fresh. Vitamin E is one of the oil soluble vitamins that has been used therapeutically for the treatment of numerous conditions such as sunburn, acne, rheumatic conditions, wound healing and pruritic (itching) skin ailments. It has also been shown to reduce formation of scar tissue, helps prevent premature skin aging by blocking the lipid peroxidation responsible for cell membrane damage and also inhibits UV-induced erythema (skin redness). It is a potent free radical scavenger (antioxidant) and an excellent skin protectant.
Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) seed oil: derived from the cacao bean, deeply nourishes and moisturizes the skin. It contains high concentrations of antioxidants and fatty acids that protect the skin against free radicals and leave it soft and supple. Cocoa oil can improve inflammatory conditions such as eczema and it has been reported to reduce scars including stretch marks.
Ubiquinone (CoQ10): produced by non-GMO yeast fermentation; free from any petrochemical derivatives. This powerful active, found in all living cells, is essential for cell metabolism. It has been extensively studied establishing its safety and beneficial properties both when ingested and when applied topically. Known for its powerful antioxidant properties along with its role in cell energy, it has been reported in clinical studies to reduce the depth of wrinkles and accelerate collagen production thereby gaining a reputation as an anti-aging active. SkinSanity uses an all natural, high purity form of Ubiquinone produced by yeast fermentation (synthetic sources have been found to contain impurities) which is identical to what is naturally produced in the body.
Are compounds derived from petroleum and gas; they could be contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS) which have caused reproductive, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects along immune and skin damage on laboratory animals. Mineral oil, one of the main petrochemicals used in skincare, coats the skin like plastic, clogging pores and creating a build-up of toxins. It also slows cellular development, which can cause earlier signs of aging, and is a suspected cause of cancer and disruption to hormonal activity.
- Coal tar dyes (FD&C and D&C colors)
- Ethanolamines: DEA, MEA, TEA
- Ingredient names with the clause “butyl” like butylene glycol.
- Ingredient names with the clause “eth” like ceteareth
- Ingredient names with the clause ethyl like ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)
- Ingredient names with the clause “methyl” like methyl alcohol.
- Mineral oil (liquid paraffinum, paraffin oil, paraffin wax, petrolatum)
- PEG compounds (polyethylene glycol, polyoxyethylene)
- Synthetic fragance
B. PH DISRUPTORS
Are chemicals that strip the skin´s acid mantle either by overly acidifying the skin (chemical peels) or overly alkalizing it (foaming cleansers). The acid mantle is formed by secretions from sweat and sebaceous glands as well as the breakdown of fatty acids by beneficial microflora. The acid mantle acts as a barrier and allows lipids and moisture onto the skin while protecting it from environmental pollution and non-beneficial bacterial. The acid mantle is at its strongest and most effective when the skin is slightly acidic. Researchers have found the optimal pH range of mild acidity is between 4 - 5. Studies have shown women whose skin is in an alkaline state developed more fine lines and crow's feet around their eyes than those with acidic skin over an eight-year period. Skin in an alkaline state tends to be drier, more brittle, and more susceptible to sun damage than in a mildly acidic skin surface. Mildly acidic skin has been found to have a 50 percent lower rate of wrinkling than those with alkaline skin. The effect of pH on adhesion of resident skin microflora was also assessed; a mildly acidic skin pH 4 – 5 keeps the resident bacterial flora attached to the skin, whereas an alkaline pH 8–9 promotes the dispersal from the skin. In vitro, Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) have been found to flourish at pH 6 - 6.5, whereas its growth is considerably decreased at pH values less than 5. Rosacea and eczema sufferers have increased facial pH values, compared to those of people with healthy skin, which make them prone to irritation.
- Acids: azelaic, alpha hydroxy, beta hydroxy, kojic acid, trichloracetic acids, etc.
- Alcohols: ethanol, SD alcohol, isopropyl alcohol
- Benzoyl Peroxide
- Chlorinated Water
- Jessner Formula: lactic acid, salicylic acid, resorcinol
- Retinol and its derivatives
- Soap bars
- Surfactants: anionic (- charge), cationic (+ charge) and zwitterionic (has both positive and negative regions of charge)
C. SILICONE-DERIVED INGREDIENTS
Silicones are a large group or polymeric materials (repeated siloxane units) characterized by having resistance to chemicals, temperature, water, high-lubricity and good insulating properties. In the cosmetic industry, compounds derived from silicone are used as solvents, emollients, humectants, viscosity-controlling as well as a slip/wetting/conditioning agents. Breast implants is, perhaps, their most well-known application. Nowadays, though, more and more women prefer saline-filled implants due to the safety concerns associated with their silicone counterparts. Silicone-derived ingredients are occlusive, which means they create a physical barrier to prevent transepidermal water loss. This barrier, however, traps anything beneath the skin, not just moisture. Recent studies have indicated that prolonged exposure of the skin to sweat by occlusion causes skin irritation. These chemicals are also non-biodegradable, causing a negative environmental impact.
The Journal of Toxicology reported that silicone injections led to multi-organ failure. Research collected by the Plaintiff's Steering Committee (PSC) for the National Breast Implant Litigation shows that silicone has marked effects on the adrenal glands and liver and induces chronic inflammation. Silicones can help some ingredients penetrate the skin more effectively. Dow Corning sites some research with silicone and hydroquinone in which "the silicone gum induced the formation of a reservoir of hydrocortisone in the stratum corneum".
- Dimethicone Copolyol
- Dimethyl Polysiloxane
- Phenyl Trimethicone
- Silicone Oil
- Ingredients with the clause methicone, siloxane
D. TOXIC PENETRATION ENHANCERS
Are detrimental chemicals that improve the skin´s absorption capabilities. The use of penetration enhancers in personal care products can be extremely damaging to health if the formulas contain other harmful ingredients. There are approximately thirty-five penetration enhancers that can commonly be found in cosmetics and personal-care products (1), the most toxic ones are listed as follows:
- Ammonium glycolate and lactate
- Benzophenone and related compounds
- EDTA compounds (disodium and tetrasodium)
- Hydrogenated lecithin*
- SD Alcohol 40
- Sodium Lauryl Sarcosinate
- Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
*possible nitrosamine contamination
A. 1,4 DIOXANE-CONTAINING CHEMICALS
A carcinogen and endocrine disruptor formed when an ingredient undergoes the process known as ethoxylation (ethylene oxide is added to a petroleum-based substance to make it more soluble in water and reduce its risk of irritation). 1,4-dioxane contaminates up to 46% of personal care products tested (OCA 2008, EWG 2008 (5). List of ethoxylated ingredients:
- PEG compounds
- Sodium laureth sulfate
- All chemicals that include the clauses eth and xynol
Allergens, also known as antigens, are any type of substances that are recognized by the immune system as harmful, and thus a vigorous immune response is generated via the production of antibodies to protect our systems against them. Immune-toxicants are synthetic substances that present a risk of damaging the immune system, the body´s defense against potentially disease-causing microorganisms or elements, in living things through absorption, ingestion, inhalation, or by altering the body´s environment.
- 2-Bromo-2-Nitropropane-1,3-Diol (Bronopol)
- Butylphenyl methylpropional
- Cationic Surfactants: Benzalkonium Chloride, Stearalkonium Chloride, etc.
- Diazolidinyl Urea
- Ethanolamides: DEA, MEA, TEA
- FD & C Colour Pigments
- Gluten*: formulas that contain wheat, barley, malt, rye, oat, triticum vulgare, hordeum vulgare, secale cereale, avena sativa, fermented gran extract, yeast extract, dextrins, tocopherol (vitamin E), tocopherol acetate.
- Imidazolidinyl Urea
- sopropyl Palmitate
- Maize*: decyl glucoside, ethanol, lauryl glucoside, starch, polysorbates, sorbitol, vitamins C & E, xanthan gum, xilitol, zea mays.
- Quarterium 15
- Soy*: lecithin, guar gum, mono/di/triglycerides, oleic acid, olive oil**, polyamide 3, PEG 5, PEG 10, PEG 16, PEG 25, PEG 3, PEG 40, vegetable glycerin/glycerine/vegetable glycerin, glycine soja, vegetable stearic acid, magnesium stearate, vitamin E - (tocopherol acetate/tocopherols), natural flavors.
*topical application does not generate reactions, but if these allergens are present in skincare they can be inadvertently ingested (1).
** could be contaminated with soybean oil; only buy certified organic
Any substance capable of causing cancer in living tissue. Due to the lack of proper regulation of cosmetic ingredients by the FDA, it is extremely common to find carcinogens in personal care formulas. The FDA states “cosmetic products and ingredients are not subject to FDA premarket approval authority, with the exception of color additives … Cosmetic firms are responsible for substantiating the safety of their products and ingredients before marketing."
- Acrylates (ethyl acrylate, ethyl/methyl methacrylate, acrylates/acrylamide copolymer, etc.)
- Benzophenone & related compounds (avobenzone/parsol 1789, oxybenzone)
- Coal tar
- Ethanolamine compounds (DEA, MEA, TEA)
- Ethylane oxyde
- Heavy metals (arsenic, cadmium, chromium, etc*)
- Mineral oils
- Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE/Teflon)
- Retinol compounds
- Titanium dioxane (when inhaled)
* heavy metals like chromium and cadmium serve as colorants in makeup, but others such as arsenic are present in shampoo, facial lotion, foundation, etc. as a result of cosmetic ingredients contamination
D. ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING CHEMICALS (EDCS)
Are chemicals, mostly man-made, found in additives, foods, metals, personal care products, pesticides, toys, etc. They can interfere with the body´s endocrine system by increasing/decreasing production of certain hormones; mimicking them; turning one hormone into another; interfering with hormone signaling; telling cells to die prematurely; competing with essential nutrients; binding to essential hormones and accumulating in organs that produce hormones (2). These disruptions can cause cancerous tumors, birth defects as well as reproductive, developmental, neurological and immune effects in both humans and wildlife. Xenoestrogens, which cause estrogen dominance, are arguably the most well-known EDCs.
- Bisphenol A
- BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole)
- BHT (butylated hidroxytoluene)
- Boric Acid
- Fragrance/Synthetic Musks
- Octinoxate (Octyl Methoxycinnamate)
- Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE/Teflon)
- Synthetic musks
- Triphenyl Phosphate
*found in plastic containers
E. FORMALDEHYDE AND FORMALDEHYDE RELEASERS
Formaldehyde is the simplest and most reactive aldehyde used as a preservative and desinfectant. Formaldehyde is a known carcinogen and irritant. In the cosmetic industry, formaldehyde is present as an impurity that is released by the following preservatives:
- 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-dio (bromopol)
- DMDM hydantoin
- Diazolidinyl urea
- Imidazolidinyl urea
- Sodium hydroxymethylglycinate
Are toxic substances that interfere with the electrical activities of nerve cells by overstimulating them to death or interrupting their communication process and thus are damaging or destructive to nerve tissue. Neurotoxins have been linked to diseases like Alzheimer´s and Parkinson´s. They are found in found food, water and cosmetics. Heavy metals are usually not listed on cosmetic labels because they are present as impurities of raw materials or they are byproducts of the manufacturing process/breakdown of other ingredients.
- Aluminum and aluminum compounds
- Chromium and chromium compounds
- Coal Tar
- Lead and lead compounds
- Methyl Ethyl Ketone
- Other metals like beryllium, cadmium, nickel, thallium, etc
G. NITROSAMINE-FORMING CHEMICALS
These carcinogenic compounds are present in various food products, they are formed in cured meats by the conversion of sodium nitrate. In the cosmetic industry, they are generated when amines mix with preservatives that can break down into nitrates. Like 1,4 dioxane, nitrosamines are not listed on product labels because they are impurities.
- Aminomethyl propanol
- Cocamidopropyl Betaine
- Cocamide DEA
- DEA (diethanolamine)
- Hydrogenated lecithin
- MEA (monoethanolamine)
- Sodium Lauryl Sarcosinate
- Stearalkonium hectorite
- TEA (triethanolamine)
- Ingredient names with the clause amine
H. RESPIRATORY TOXINS
Are compounds, most of them man-made, can either cause adverse effects on the respiratory tract or interfere with its functions. The respiratory system starts with the nose, nasal cavities, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx, and larynx. It continues with a conducting segment (trachea and bronchi) that enters the lungs. A transitional segment made up of respiratory bronchioles and primary, secondary, and tertiary bronchioles moves air deep into the lungs. An exchange segment made up of alveolar duct, atrium, alveolar sac, and alveolus passes oxygen into the blood and carbon dioxide and water out of the blood. In summary, the lungs place oxygen from the air into the blood and send carbon dioxide and water back into the air. The respiratory tract also warms and moistens the incoming air, regulates air flow, removes airborne particles and cools the entire organism. Respiratory toxicity can include a variety of acute and chronic pulmonary conditions, including local irritation, bronchitis, pulmonary edema, emphysema, and cancer, hence the importance of avoiding cosmetic products that could harm it.
- BHT (9)
- Carbon Blac
- Isopropyl Acetone
- Methyl Ethyl Ketone
- Titanium Dioxide
*impurity in cosmetics
** cleansing water impurity
Teratogens are any agent, substance, organism, condition and/or process that causes impaired prenatal development and lead to congenital malformations or even death. Teratogens include certain drugs (such as thalidomide), alcohol, cigarettes, infections (such as German measles), malnutrition, environmental pollutants, stressors and ionizing radiation. The most common anomalies associated with teratogenic exposures during the fetal period are fetal growth restriction (intrauterine growth retardation) and mild errors of morphogenesis (abnormalities of phenogenesis) such as epicanthic folds, clinodactyly, functional CNS abnormalities and others. There are billions of potential teratogens, and many of them (with proven teratogenic effects) are present in conventional cosmetic formulas.
- 1,4 dioxane
- Acrylates: ethyl/methyl methacrylate
- Aluminum, Lead and other Heavy Metals
- Dibutyl Phthalate
- Ethylene and Triethylene Glycol
- Methyl Ethyl Ketone
- Methyl Chloride
- Methyl Salicylate
- Synthetic Musks